What Are the Differences Between ADHD and Dyslexia? (2023)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and dyslexia are two distinct conditions that can both cause reading difficulties.

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by trouble focusing, struggling to sit still, and impulsivity, which may affect a person's overall ability to function at work or school. Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that affects a person's relationship with reading and decoding language.

In addition to overlap in characteristics, it is common for people with ADHD to also have dyslexia and vice versa. This article will explore why these conditions often occur together, how they are diagnosed and management strategies.

What Are the Differences Between ADHD and Dyslexia? (1)

Do ADHD and Dyslexia Occur Together?

ADHD and dyslexia are different conditions that share some similar characteristics. Individually, they each affect an estimated 5% to 10% of the population. They can also occur together and tend to do so at a rate that is higher than chance. About 25% to 40% of people with ADHD also have dyslexia. The statistic is the same for people with dyslexia who also have ADHD.

Symptoms of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability. In general, people with dyslexia have difficulties with:

  • Phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds)
  • Spelling
  • Rapid response to visual-verbal cues

Symptoms of ADHD

ADHD typically manifests in two ways:

  • Inattentiveness: Difficulty with focus, organization, and other mental tasks
  • Hyperactivity and impulsivity: Restlessness and difficulty with impulse control

People with ADHD may have signs of inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity, or both.

Symptoms Found in Both ADHD and Dyslexia

People with ADHD and/or dyslexia are typically of average or above-average intelligence, though they may underachieve in settings such as school. People with either or both conditions can have difficulties with reading and writing.

People with ADHD may:

  • Skip over punctuation
  • Leave off endings
  • Lose their place
  • Have difficulty with organization and proofreading

People with dyslexia may:

  • Have major problems with accuracy
  • Misread both large and small words
  • Have significant problems with spelling, grammar, proofreading, and organization

People with ADHD and/or dyslexia may:

  • Have difficulty paying attention due to the fatigue from the effort it takes to read or write
  • Have trouble with reading comprehension
  • Not enjoy reading and avoid it

Are ADHD and Dyslexia Childhood Conditions?

Unless acquired by a factor such as a head injury, both ADHD and dyslexia begin in childhood, but the conditions are not exclusive to children.

Dyslexia is a life-long condition, and ADHD usually persists into adulthood as well.

(Video) ADHD and Dyslexia: Why Do They So Often Co-Occur?

Dyslexia and ADHD in Adults

Both dyslexia and ADHD manifest differently in adults than in children.

Adults With ADHD

Adults with ADHD may:

  • Become easily distracted and have difficulty paying attention to people and tasks, or hyperfocus on a task or activity such as their phone or a TV show
  • Be physically or mentally restless, fidget, or have many simultaneous thoughts
  • Have trouble completing even "simple" tasks
  • Overlook details and make errors in work (or have incomplete work)
  • Have trouble remembering conversations and following directions
  • Get bored easily and seek stimulation
  • Forget things such as appointments, deadlines, and paying bills
  • Procrastinate and have trouble starting and finishing projects
  • Be messy or disorganized (house, car, desk, etc.), and frequently misplace things such as keys, wallet, phone, etc.
  • Underestimate how long it will take to complete a task and have trouble with punctuality
  • Interrupt, blurt out thoughts, and other socially inappropriate behavior
  • Have difficulty sitting in long meetings
  • Have poor self-control and act recklessly and/or spontaneously
  • Become easily frustrated, stressed out, and irritable
  • Have a short temper and be sensitive to criticism

Adults With Dyslexia

Adults with dyslexia may:

  • Read at a slow pace and with great effort, including things like subtitles
  • Avoid reading for pleasure and reading aloud
  • Have a lack of fluency in speaking, including the frequent use of “um’s” and imprecise language, general anxiety when speaking, tripping over parts of words, and struggling when put on the spot
  • Have trouble remembering and pronouncing the names of people and places, and confusing names that sound alike
  • Experience extreme fatigue when reading
  • Have difficulty with rote clerical tasks
  • Have poorly organized written work and have difficulty expressing themselves in writing, even if they are very knowledgeable about the subject
  • Have difficulty with planning and writing things such as essays, letters, reports, etc.,
  • Have trouble taking or copying notes
  • Spell poorly
  • Have trouble remembering things like a PIN or telephone number
  • Have difficulty meeting deadlines

Surprising Benefits of Having ADHD

Dyslexia and ADHD In Children

Both dyslexia and ADHD typically start in childhood and evolve over time.

Children With ADHD

Children with ADHD have similar symptoms to adults with ADHD but are more likely to exhibit hyperactivity and impulsiveness than adults, who typically present with inattentiveness.

Children with ADHD may:

  • Not pay close attention to details and make "careless" mistakes in schoolwork or during other activities
  • Have difficulty paying attention, even during play, and be easily distracted by thoughts or external stimuli
  • Seem to not be listening when spoken to
  • Have trouble with follow-through, such as following instructions finishing schoolwork, completing chores, etc., and may forget about them
  • Have trouble with organization, both of their belongings and of their time and activities
  • Avoid or dislike tasks such as schoolwork, homework, reading, and other activities that require sustained mental effort
  • Frequently lose things they need, like school supplies
  • Fidget, squirm, have trouble staying seated, run or climb excessively when it's not appropriate, and other restless behavior
  • Be loud or talkative while playing or doing activities
  • Seem to be constantly "on the go"
  • Blurt out or interrupt, such as answering questions before they have been completely asked, interrupting people who are speaking, finishing other people's sentences, intruding on others' conversations or games, and having trouble waiting for their turn

Children With Dyslexia

Dyslexia symptoms and characteristics can change with age and experience. As children get older, they may find ways to manage or compensate for their difficulties with dyslexia, although the condition itself will persist and show in other ways.

Pre-schoolers with dyslexia may:

  • Have trouble learning common nursery rhymes
  • Have trouble learning and remembering the names of letters in the alphabet and be unable to recognize letters in their name
  • Mispronounce familiar words or use “baby talk”
  • Have trouble recognizing rhyming patterns (hat, sat, cat, etc.)

Kindergartners and first-graders with dyslexia may:

(Video) ADHD and Dyslexia

  • Base reading on cues other than the words on the page, such as saying “puppy” when the written word is “dog” when the page includes a picture of a dog
  • Not understand that words "come apart"
  • Dislike reading, say that it is hard, or avoid reading as much as possible
  • Be unable to sound out simple words
  • Not associate letters with sounds (such as the letter P with the “puh” sound)

Second-graders to high-schoolers with dyslexia may:

  • Be slow in learning reading skills and read slowly and awkwardly
  • Have difficulty sounding out unfamiliar words
  • Appear not to have a strategy for reading new words
  • Dislike and avoid reading out loud
  • Pause, hesitate, use vague language, use a lot of “um’s” etc. while speaking
  • Mix up words that sound similar, such as saying “tornado” when they mean “volcano”
  • Mispronounce long, unfamiliar, or complex words
  • Need extra time to respond to questions or finish tests
  • Have trouble remembering things such as dates, names, telephone numbers, etc.
  • Have extreme difficulty learning a new language
  • Have poor spelling and messy handwriting
  • Have low self-esteem

Are ADHD and Dyslexia Genetic?

Both ADHD and dyslexia run in families. People who have close relatives with ADHD or dyslexia are more likely to develop the same condition than those who don't.

Tips for Parents and Teachers

It's important to remember that children with ADHD and/or dyslexia are intelligent and capable. They can often find ways to get by well enough, but to do this, they are usually working much harder than typical students. Providing support that eases the stress of the extra effort helps them show their strengths and abilities.

In the classroom, this often takes the form of accommodations, whether through formal means such as an individualized education program (IEP), or designed by the educator.

Some accommodations may include:

  • Extra time for reading or test-taking
  • Allowing the use of technology such as computers
  • Recording lectures to review again later
  • Using audio recordings along with the printed text to listen to as they read

Parents/guardians can help by making sure their child is getting the treatment they need, such as medication for ADHD, reading specialists for dyslexia, therapy, or any other treatments suggested by their child's healthcare and education professionals.

Each child with ADHD and/or dyslexia is an individual with different needs and strengths. Working as a team that includes educators, parents/guardians, and the child can help find strategies that work for each child.

Getting an Evaluation

Even when they occur together, ADHD and dyslexia are different conditions and are evaluated separately.

Where to Go

The first stop for an ADHD evaluation is usually a primary healthcare provider, who will ask questions, perform a physical exam, and may order tests to get an idea of overall health and rule out other possibilities for the symptoms.

From there, the healthcare provider may refer the person to a mental health professional for further evaluation.

Dyslexia is usually first noticed by educators. A diagnosis is typically made through evaluations administered by educational professionals such as:

  • Clinical psychologists
  • Educational psychologists
  • School counselors
  • Special education instructors
  • School administrators

Strategies for Managing ADHD and Dyslexia

ADHD and dyslexia have different treatment plans. For example, medication is often prescribed for ADHD, but not for dyslexia alone. To make sure treatment is optimal, both conditions should be addressed individually.

For people with both ADHD and dyslexia, strategies that address one or both conditions can help overall. For example, a 2016 study suggests that stimulant medication may help improve reading as well as ADHD symptoms in people who have both ADHD and dyslexia.

(Video) Dyslexia and ADHD: Similarities & Differences | ADHD Disorder

In addition to formal treatment, there are strategies that can help people with ADHD and dyslexia in different areas of their lives.

Reading Tasks

  • Work with a trained reading specialist
  • Allow for extra time for reading and writing tasks
  • Engage in (or provide children with) reading materials that are interesting
  • Teach/learn note-taking skills
  • Use multisensory learning
  • Read to children, and repeat the same books multiple times
  • Create a relaxed environment for reading
  • Make use of technology
  • Use a bookmark or ruler under the line you are reading
  • Use active reading


  • Create a routine
  • Manage and minimize distractions
  • Break bigger tasks down into smaller, more manageable ones
  • Speak clearly and precisely when speaking to or giving instructions to a person with ADHD and dyslexia
  • Eat regularly, and consume a variety of healthy foods
  • Get plenty of sleep and exercise
  • Use organization strategies such as lists, calendars, and apps

Social Health

  • Engage in social skills training, which involves role-playing
  • Join support groups and programs

Mental Health

  • Address any co-morbid or coexisting conditions such as anxiety
  • Participate in therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Address the conditions by name

In the Workplace

  • Use the services of a tutor trained to teach skills specific to that job or role
  • Insist on reasonable accommodations as covered by The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (RA) and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)
  • Take notes and/or record audio during tasks such as meetings and seminars
  • Work on keeping your workspace organized
  • Give yourself extra time when leaving for work, interviews, appointments, meetings, etc.
  • Designate 15 minutes at the end of the day to plan and organize for the next day
  • Finish one task before beginning another
  • Take intermittent breaks and move around
  • Use reminders such as sticky notes or alarms
  • Color-code files


ADHD and dyslexia are separate conditions that often occur together. While they have different characteristics, both can cause problems with reading and writing.

Both conditions begin in childhood and persist into adulthood.

Management for people who have both ADHD and dyslexia involves treating each separate condition, such as medication for ADHD and reading intervention for dyslexia. Some coping strategies help manage common problems between both conditions, such as reading comprehension.

Auditory Processing Disorder in Adults

A Word From Verywell

When a child is having difficulty reading, it may be hard to determine the cause. Among other possibilities, both ADHD and dyslexia can cause problems with reading and writing. ADHD and dyslexia also affect adults and can interfere with areas such as employment.

If you suspect you or your child has ADHD, dyslexia, or both, speak with a healthcare provider. Your child's school can also assist you with determining and addressing learning disabilities such as dyslexia. With help, both of these conditions can be managed successfully.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Does the SSI program support children with ADHD and dyslexia?

    A child with learning disabilities may be eligible for SSI, but it is determined on a case-by-case basis. To qualify, criteria for the severity of the disability and the financial need must be met.

    Learn More:Is ADHD a Disability?

    (Video) How does ADHD correlate with dyslexia
  • Is it too late for adults with undiagnosed ADHD and dyslexia?

    Absolutely not! While early detection and treatment is best, treatment is available at any age. Online assessment tools may be a place to start if an adult suspects ADHD or dyslexia.

  • How do you not get frustrated at someone with ADHD and dyslexia?

    Understanding the conditions can help you manage your expectations and boundaries surrounding a person with ADHD and dyslexia. How you approach communication will depend on your relationship.

  • What should people with ADHD and dyslexia consider when job hunting?

    A good fit is important when it comes to employment. A person with ADHD and dyslexia should look for a job that uses their strengths and accommodates their challenges. For example, a person with ADHD may do better with a high-engagement job than one that is inactive or repetitive.


What is the difference between dyslexia and ADHD? ›

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that can make it hard for you to process written and spoken language. ADHD affects your impulse control and focus and makes you prone to hyperactivity. They share some common traits. Heredity.

Can ADHD be confused for dyslexia? ›

Both ADHD and dyslexia have several symptoms in common, such as information-processing speed challenges, working memory deficits, naming speed, and motor skills deficits. So it is easy for a parent or a professional to mistake dyslexic symptoms for ADHD.

What is the difference between dyslexia and ADHD inattentive type? ›

People with ADHD and dyslexia could appear distracted; however, the cause of the distraction differs. A person with ADHD may appear distracted because it is challenging to focus, whereas a person with dyslexia may appear disturbed because reading requires a lot of effort and their energy has run out.

How can you tell the difference between a learning disability and ADHD? ›

So, what's the difference between ADHD and an LD? An LD makes it difficult to acquire specific skills such as reading skills or math skills. By contrast, ADHD impacts more global skills and executive functions like the ability to focus, the ability to control emotions, and the ability to control impulsive behaviour.

How words look to a dyslexic? ›

You might mix up the letters in a word — for example, reading the word "now" as "won" or "left" as "felt." Words may also blend together and spaces are lost. You might have trouble remembering what you've read. You may remember more easily when the same information is read to you or you hear it.

What are the four types of dyslexia? ›

The 4 types of dyslexia include phonological dyslexia, surface dyslexia, rapid naming deficit, and double deficit dyslexia. Dyslexia is a learning disorder where the person often has difficulty reading and interpreting what they read.

Can ADHD trigger dyslexia? ›

ADHD and dyslexia can co-exist. Although one disorder doesn't cause the other, people who have one often have both. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), almost 50 percent of children diagnosed with ADHD also have a learning disorder such as dyslexia.

What reading problems do people with ADHD have? ›

The most common learning disability of students with ADHD is dyslexia, characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities (International Dyslexia Association).

Does ADHD medication help with dyslexia? ›

When ADHD symptoms are treated, the symptoms of dyslexia may improve, but this is only because everything that the person does, including reading, improves when they can sustain attention. While medication is an effective ADHD treatment, there is no medication that helps dyslexia.

Can you be gifted and dyslexic? ›

Twice exceptional or 2e is a term used to describe students who are both intellectually gifted (as determined by an accepted standardized assessment) and learning disabled, which includes students with dyslexia.

What makes dyslexia worse? ›

Dyslexia symptoms don't 'get worse' with age. That said, the longer children go without support, the more challenging it is for them to overcome their learning difficulties. A key reason for this is that a child's brain plasticity decreases as they mature. This impacts how quickly children adapt to change.

What learning disabilities look like ADHD? ›

Like ADHD, a learning disability doesn't affect intelligence, but it can make kids lag behind others in school and at work. For example, dyslexia, a type of reading disorder, is often seen in children with ADHD. A diagnosis of learning disabilities requires specific academic testing, which is done by a psychologist.

Is ADHD a mental illness or learning disability? ›

Some people believe ADHD is a learning disability because of the adverse effects it has on successful learning; however, it is actually classified as a mental health disorder.

Does ADHD class as a learning disability? ›

In and of itself, ADHD is neither a learning difficulty nor a learning disability. It does, however, co-occur with range of learning difficulties such as dyslexia, auditory processing disorder, dyspraxia, and dyscalculia.

What are 4 symptoms of dyslexia? ›

Some common dyslexia symptoms in teens and adults include:
  • Difficulty reading, including reading aloud.
  • Slow and labor-intensive reading and writing.
  • Problems spelling.
  • Avoiding activities that involve reading.
  • Mispronouncing names or words, or problems retrieving words.
Aug 6, 2022

How do you rule out dyslexia? ›

There's no single test that can diagnose dyslexia. A number of factors are considered, such as: Your child's development, educational issues and medical history. The health care provider will likely ask you questions about these areas.

How do dyslexics think differently? ›

Some dyslexic people find that their mind races, and they struggle to find the right words to express themselves or to verbally keep up with the speed of their thoughts. Conversely, they often know the answer but need time to retrieve it from their memory.

What is a hard sentence for dyslexics? ›

Dyslexia is said to be a neurological disorder that affects reading skills. Hard Sentences for Dyslexics are sentences with more Dyslexia Letters. Peep, peed, deed, deep, peeb, beed, beeb all work out in a cipher combination with the word deed.

Are you born with dyslexia or can you develop it? ›

Yes. Sometimes this is just childhood dyslexia that isn't diagnosed until much later. But it is also possible to develop the same symptoms as a result of brain injury or dementia.

Does dyslexia affect math? ›

Dyslexia can affect writing and spelling, too. It can also impact math. A learning difference that causes trouble with making sense of numbers and math concepts. Struggling with reading can make kids feel inferior to their peers and can impact self-esteem.

What dyslexics are good at? ›

Dyslexic strengths include:
  •  Good problem solvers.
  •  Creative.
  •  Observant.
  •  High levels of empathy.
  •  Excellent big-picture thinkers.
  •  Good at making connections.
  •  Strong narrative reasoning.
  •  Three-dimensional thinking.

What is mild dyslexia signs? ›

difficulty carrying out a sequence of directions. struggling to learn sequences, such as days of the week or the alphabet. slow writing speed. poor handwriting. problems copying written language and taking longer than normal to complete written work.

What is the most common dyslexia? ›

Phonological Dyslexia

It deals with difficulties in matching sounds to symbols and breaking down the sounds of language. Individuals with phonological dyslexia struggle to decode or sound out words. It's believed that phonological dyslexia is the most common type of dyslexia.

Is dyslexia a part of autism? ›

People often confuse dyslexia and autism for one another or conflate them for their similarities. But they are two completely different disorders that affect the brains of people in different ways. While dyslexia is a learning difficulty, autism is a developmental disorder.

Does ADHD count as a disability? ›

Is ADHD considered a disability? Yes, ADHD is considered a disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504). There are several types of disabilities, including but not limited to: learning disability.

Is dyslexia considered a disability? ›

Dyslexia can have a substantial and long term adverse effect on normal day to day activities, and is therefore a recognised disability under the Equality Act 2010.

Do kids with ADHD dislike reading? ›

Reading can be difficult and frustrating for children with ADHD. This is due to issues of focusing, managing distractions, and processing and retaining information. If the condition isn't managed during childhood, reading challenges may continue into high school, college, and adulthood.

Are people with ADHD good at math? ›

ADHD symptoms can make math more difficult. But ADHD can also increase your chances of having a co-occurring math learning disorder called dyscalculia. Statistics from the early 2000s (the most recent available) suggest that 31 percent of students with ADHD also have a math disability.

Can ADHD get worse with age? ›

In general, ADHD doesn't get worse with age. Some adults may also outgrow their symptoms. But this is not the case for everyone.

Is dyslexia inherited? ›

A child with an affected parent has a risk of 40–60% of developing dyslexia. This risk is increased when other family members are also affected. There is an estimated 3–10‐fold increase in the relative risk for a sibling (λs), with an increase in λs observed when strict criteria are applied.

What is the best medication for ADHD and dyslexia? ›

The most common type of medication used is a stimulant called methylphenidate. It's used in many drugs such as Concerta, Ritalin and Daytrana. Its purpose is to improve a child's ability to pay attention and reduce hyperactivity and impulsiveness.

What is more common ADHD or dyslexia? ›

Between 40 to 60% of people inherit dyslexia, and about 77 to 88% of people inherit ADHD. Both disorders can make it more difficult to learn how to read or organize your thoughts when writing. ADHD and dyslexia can make paying attention hard.

Do dyslexics have high IQ? ›

In fact, despite reading ability, people who have dyslexia can have a range of intellectual ability. Most have average to above average IQs, and just like the general population, some have superior to very superior scores.

Do kids with dyslexia have higher IQ? ›

Some teachers and parents can mistake a dyslexic child for someone who is lacking intelligence. But the truth is dyslexia has nothing to do with a child's level of intelligence.

Who are the dyslexic geniuses? ›

Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking, Leonardo da Vinci, and Pablo Picasso possessed some of the greatest minds and talents in history and they were dyslexic.

Why do dyslexics get overwhelmed? ›

They can get easily overwhelmed

Dyslexic people tend to compare themselves to what they think of as 'normal', but being dyslexic means that you are processing the world in a fundamentally different way. Different, not wrong, and most neuro-typical people can't begin to do the things that dyslexic people find easy.

What should you avoid if you have dyslexia? ›

Avoid background patterns or pictures and distracting surrounds. Use sufficient contrast levels between background and text. Use dark coloured text on a light (not white) background. Avoid green and red/pink, as these colours are difficult for those who have colour vision deficiencies (colour blindness).

What brain damage causes dyslexia? ›

There is a failure of the left hemisphere rear brain systems to function properly during reading. Furthermore, many people with dyslexia often show greater activation in the lower frontal areas of the brain.

What learning style is most common with ADHD? ›

In general, children with ADHD are right-brained learners. They prefer to learn visually — by watching or doing a task in an activity-based, hands-on format, not by listening to lectures, practicing drills, or memorizing.

What is a disorder that is mistaken as ADHD? ›

Bipolar disorder and ADHD. The most difficult differential diagnosis for doctors to make is between ADHD and bipolar disorder. These two conditions are often hard to distinguish because they share several symptoms, including: mood changes. outbursts.

What does ADHD look like in school? ›

Symptoms may include: inattention, distractability, impulsivity, hyperactivity, excessive fidgeting and poor organizational skills, as well as frustration and irritability when the child or adult cannot meet expected performance standards.

What are 3 signs of ADHD? ›

Symptoms in children and teenagers
  • having a short attention span and being easily distracted.
  • making careless mistakes – for example, in schoolwork.
  • appearing forgetful or losing things.
  • being unable to stick to tasks that are tedious or time-consuming.
  • appearing to be unable to listen to or carry out instructions.

What are the 9 symptoms of ADHD? ›

  • Impulsiveness.
  • Disorganization and problems prioritizing.
  • Poor time management skills.
  • Problems focusing on a task.
  • Trouble multitasking.
  • Excessive activity or restlessness.
  • Poor planning.
  • Low frustration tolerance.
Jan 25, 2023

Can you get SSI for ADHD? ›

Having attention deficit disorder (ADD/ADHD) is not an automatic qualification for Supplemental Security Income (SSI), but a documented diagnosis can be helpful if the condition and the impairments are severe enough. ADHD is included in the category of Listed Impairments, under the SSI guidelines.

What are the top 5 learning disabilities? ›

The top five most common learning disabilities are dyslexia, ADHD, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, and dyspraxia. Each of these conditions can present with a range of symptoms and can be diagnosed through a combination of medical and educational assessments.

Is a child with ADHD considered special needs? ›

Federal Law Protects Students from Disability Discrimination

Regardless of how well he or she performs in school, a student who has trouble concentrating, reading, thinking, organizing or prioritizing projects, among other important tasks, because of ADHD may have a disability and be protected under Section 504.

Is ADHD a part of autism? ›

ADHD is not on the autism spectrum, but they have some of the same symptoms. And having one of these conditions increases the chances of having the other. Experts have changed the way they think about how autism and ADHD are related.

Is dyslexia in the autism spectrum? ›

People often confuse dyslexia and autism for one another or conflate them for their similarities. But they are two completely different disorders that affect the brains of people in different ways. While dyslexia is a learning difficulty, autism is a developmental disorder.

Is ADHD considered a learning disability? ›

Although ADHD is not considered a learning disability, research indicates that from 30-50 percent of children with ADHD also have a specific learning disability, and that the two conditions can interact to make learning extremely challenging.

What are 5 characteristics of dyslexia? ›

Common Characteristics of Dyslexia
  • Speaks later than most children.
  • Pronunciation problems.
  • Slow vocabulary growth, often unable to find the right word.
  • Difficulty rhyming words.
  • Trouble learning numbers, alphabet, days of the week, colors, shapes.
  • Extremely restless and easily distracted.
  • Trouble interacting with peers.

What is dyslexia called now? ›

Also called a reading disability, dyslexia is a result of individual differences in areas of the brain that process language.

Do dyslexics have higher IQ? ›

Some teachers and parents can mistake a dyslexic child for someone who is lacking intelligence. But the truth is dyslexia has nothing to do with a child's level of intelligence.

Are Asperger's and dyslexia linked? ›

It is very common for people diagnosed with autism to also be diagnosed with one or more of ADHD, Dyslexia or Dyspraxia. Autism is very strongly associated with these conditions, although you can have Dyslexia or Dyspraxia without having autism.

Does stress affect dyslexia? ›

What does this mean for dyslexics? In summary, stress and anxiety will prevent learning. Simply thinking about or remembering the previous experiences will likely illicit the same physiological response and prevent learning.

Does dyslexia qualify for Social Security? ›

An adult with dyslexia can qualify for disability benefits by either meeting a listing in the Social Security Blue Book or by proving there are no jobs that he or she can do through a medical vocational allowance.

Is dyslexia genetic or hereditary? ›

A child with an affected parent has a risk of 40–60% of developing dyslexia. This risk is increased when other family members are also affected.

At what point is ADHD a disability? ›

ADHD is only a protected disability when it interferes with a person's ability to work and participate in society but not for mild conditions that don't interfere with functionality. The Centers for Disease Control considers ADHD to be a developmental disability.

Can a child with ADHD get a SSI check? ›

If your child has been diagnosed with ADHD, or ADD, he or she can qualify for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability benefits if the severity of the child's ADHD meets the Social Security Administration's childhood impairment listing for neurodevelopmental disorders (listing 112.11).

Why is math hard for ADHD? ›

Students who are affected by ADHD often have a hard time with math because their memory is not very strong and blocking out external stimuli is a struggle. Memory, which is where information is stored for later use, is one of many executive functions.


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